Dr. James Martin Cypher es profesor de economia y jefe del Departamento de Economia
en la Universidad Estatal de California, ubicado en Fresno, California, EE. UU.
Recibío su doctorado en Economía en 1973 desde La Universidad de California,
Riverside, EE. UU. con un tesis sobre los efectos macroeconómicos de los gastos
militares de los EE.UU. entre los años 1947-1970. El Dr. Cypher es autor de mas
de cincuenta artículos publicados en revistas de los EE.UU., Inglaterra,  México,
Alemania, y Colombia, entre otros.
Entre sus afiliaciones profesionales ha sido profesor visitante en la UAM, Iztapalapa
en México por el año académico 1982-1983 y Investigador Invitado  por el ano 1988 en
el Instituto de  Investigaciones  Económicas de la UNAM en México.


Static and dynamic comparative advantege: multi-period analysisi whth declining terms of trade
James M. Cypher and James L. Dietz

Crisis tendencies of the 1990s: constraints on the ideology of globalization?
James M. Cypher
Presentado al Seminaro Internacional
"Globalización, inserción de México y alternativas incluyentes para el siglo XXI"

  Pobreza en México

  Poverty in  Mexico

The Process of Economic Development  Theory, Institutions, Applications and Evidence
James M. Cypher, James L. Dietz
   Routledge. ISBN: 0415110289.  13 MAR 1997
 Drawing together recent changes in the debates with the history of the subject, The Process of Development
Economics is a textbook with a story to tell. A discussion of recent events is integral to the book, with
discussions ranging from
* the environment
* the debt crisis
* export led industrialization
* import substitution industrialization
* growth theory and technological capability.
The book has an accessible style and format. Plentiful diagrams, boxed summaries, and end of chapter q
uestions help the reader to grasp many-faceted topics.
Coverage includes Latin America, Africa and Asia giving students a uniquely balanced world picture.
Part One: An Overview of Economic Development 1. The Development Imperative 2. Measuring Economic
Growth and Development 3. Development in Historical Perspective
Part Two: 4. Classical and Neoclassical Theories 5. Developmentalist Theories of Economic Development
6. Heterodox Theories of Economic Development
Part Three: The Structural Transformation 7. The State as a Potential Agent of Transformation: From
Neoliberalism to Embedded Autonomy 8. Endogonous Growth Theories 9. The Initial Structural
Transformation: The Industrialization Process 10. Strategy Switching and Industrial Transformation 11.
Agriculture and Development 12. Population, Education and Human Capital 13. Technology and Development
Part Four: 14. Transnational Corporations and Economic Development 15. Macroeconomic Equilibrium:
The Internal Balance 16. Macroeconomic Equilibrium: The External Balance 17. The Debt Problem and Development 18.
International Institutional Linkages: The IMF, The World Bank, and Foreign Aid.

Dr. James M. Cypher received his Ph.D. degree in economics from the University of California,
Riverside in 1973. His B.A. and M.A. degrees were awarded by University of California, Santa
Barbara. His early research interests were focused on the macroeconomic impacts of US military
spending, and he has published numerous articles in this area. Since the late 1980s he has
concentrated on the Mexican Economy and issues of internationalization and economic
development of poor nations. His book, State and Capital in Mexico (Westview, 1990) was
published in Mexico by Siglo XXI publishers. He has taught or worked at several universities in
Latin America, and is currently engaged in a large project to assess the pattern of industrialization
in Chile. The senior member of the Department’s faculty, Dr. Cypher has devoted his career to
undergraduate teaching for over three decades. With James Dietz he co-authored a text, The
Process of Economic Development (Routledge) the second edition of which will appear in 2003.

Representative Publications
The Process of Economic Development (London: Routledge, 1997, pp. 608) with James Dietz.

State and Capital in Mexico: Development Policy Since 1940 (Boulder, Co.:Westview Press, 1990)

Chapters in Books
"Recent Tendencies in Development Economics: Bringing Institutions Back In?"
in Institutional Analysis and Economic Policy Marc Tool and Paul D. Bush editors
(Kluwer Academic Publishers: The Netherlands, forthcoming 2002)

“Tendencias a la crisis en los noventa: ¿obstaculos a la ideología de la globalización?”
In Globalización y alternativas incluyentes para el siglo XXI Jorge Basave, Alejandro Dabat,
Carlos Morera, Miguel Angel Rivera Rios, coordinadores (Mexico:UNAM 2002) pp. 189-213.

"El modelo de desarrollo exportador: El caso de México" en Mundialización, transnacionalización
y subdesarrollo Gregorio Vidal coordinador (Mexico: UNAM, UAM, UAZ, 2001) pp.137-162.

“Financial Dominance in the US Economy” in Institutionalist Theory and Applications v. 2, ed.
by S. Fayazmanesh and M. Tool (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar 1998) pp. 66-88.

Articles in Refereed Journals and Sources
“Developing Disarticulation Within the Mexican Economy,” Latin American Perspectives
V. 28 no. 3 (May, 2001) pp. 11-37.

“Nafta’s Lessons: From Economic Mythology to Current Realities,” Labor Studies Journal V. 26
no. 1 (Spring 2001) pp. 5-21.

“The Slow Death of the Washington Consensus on Latin America,” Latin American Perspectives
v. 25, no. 6 (November 1998) pp. 47-51.

“Static and Dynamic Comparative Advantage: A Multi-Period Analysis with Declining Terms of
Trade” (with James Dietz) Journal of Economic Issues v. 32, no. 2 (June 1998) pp. 305-314.

"Las vicisitudes de los países en vías de ajuste estructural," DESLINDE (Colombia) No. 20,
(febrero-abril, 1997) pp. 28-44.

"Mexico: Financial Fragility or Structural Crisis?" Journal of Economic Issues, V. XXX, No. 2
(June, 1996) pp. 451-461. Reprinted in Problemas del Desarrollo: Revista Latinoamericana de
Economia, V. 27, núm. 107, (octobre-diciembre 1996) pp. 203-215.

"The Ideology of Economic Science in the Selling of NAFTA: The Political Economy of Elite
Decision-Making,"Review of Radical Political Economics, V. 25, no. 4, 1993, pp. 146-163.
Reprinted in Economia: Teoria y Practica [Mexico] (No. 3, 1994) pp. 37-49.